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  • What Is Periodontal DiseaseADA

    periodontal disease

    Periodontal disease (gum disease)

    is an infection of the gum and bone that support one's teeth. Periodontal disease may not always be painful and you may not always be aware of it. If left untreated, it can damage the supporting gums and bone until tooth loss occurs. Periodontal disease can often be treated with a deep cleaning called "scaling and root planning."

    What Causes Periodontal Disease?

    Periodontal disease is caused by plaque, a sticky deposit attached to tooth surfaces that is largely formed by the growth of bacteria. Plaque bacteria is constantly forming in our mouth, and if teeth are not thoroughly cleaned, that bacteria can cause our gums to become inflamed. When gums become inflamed, they tend to pull away from the teeth, forming spaces called "pockets". These pockets trap even more plaque that regular flossing and brushing cannot remove. If these pockets are not treated, the periodontal disease can get worse. Research also shows that periodontal disease also increases risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke and low birth weight pregnancies. Was this also mentioned in the literature you’re using for this? Tobacco use also increases your risk of developing periodontal disease, and treatment may be less successful if you continue to smoke or chew.

    What Is Periodontal Disease

    Healthy Gums

    and bone hold teeth firmly in place. There is minimal buildup of plaque and tartar (calculus).


    (jin-ja-vy-tis) is the early stage of periodontal disease that develops as plaque irritates the gums. The gums then become red, tender, swollen, and will sometimes bleed. Gingivitis can usually be treated with a dental cleaning from a dentist and good oral hygiene.


    (perry-oh-don-tie-tis) can develop if gingivitis is not treated. This process occurs as the bacteria within plaque further invades the gum tissue, and then damages the bone that supports the teeth. Without treatment, over time, the affected teeth may loosen and fall out, or may need to be taken out by a dentist.

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